Civil war is a war that is between organized groups of citizens within the same country, nation state or republic. Although less common, a civil was can also be a war between two different countries that were created from a former united controlling state. A civil war typically occurs to gain control of land, to achieve independence or to chance government policies. The words “civil war” are derived from the Latin words “bellum civile,” referring to the civil wars that occurred in the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC. Civil war is a very high intensity battle, generally involving armed forces. Civil war can consume huge resources and end with a high number of casualties greatly damaging the stability of a country for years after the civil war occurred.
Since the end of World War ll, civil war typically lasts four years, a big contrast from the average being one and one-half years between the years 1900-1944.