The Republican Party, commonly known as the GOP (“Grand Old Party”), is one the major political parties of the United States, the Democratic Party being the other. The Republican party was founded in 1854 by anit-slavery activists and for the most part nationally dominated politics from 1860 through 1932. Of the US presidents, 18 have been Republican, the first of which was Abraham Lincoln, who served from 1861 to 1865, and the last at the time of this article was George W. Bush, who served 2001 to 2009 before Barack H. Obama, who defeated Republican Mitt Romney, the former Massachusetts Governor.
American conservatism is what the party’s general position is based on, apposed to the contrasting more liberal position of the Democratic Party. The Republican Party’s position of American conservatism does not completely reject political ideology of liberalism as some fundamental principles of American conservatism is based on classical liberalism. For the most part, the conservatism of the Republican Party is based on its position against the modern liberalism of the Democratic Party. This modern liberalism of the Democratic Party is considered American liberalism of contemporary American political discourse.
The Republican Party holds a majority of seats in the United States House of Representatives and a minority of seats in the federal Senate of the 113th Congress which was elected in 2012. The Republican Party also currently holds the majority of governorships and the majority of state legislatures.
The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. The Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal, social democratic and a progressive platform since 1930 and the Democratic Party’s Congressional caucus is assembled of left-wing libertarians, centrists, liberals and progressives. The Democratic Party has the longest standing record of continuous service in office and the one of the oldest political parties in existence. Barack Obama, the current President of the United States, is the President belonging to the Democratic Party. Although the Democratic Party has the majority of seats in the Senate, the Democratic Party is the minority of seats in the House Of Representatives and state governorships and control of a minority of state legislatures as of the 2010 elections.
On May 14, 1787, the Federal Convention convened in the State House (known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. At first, only the delegations from two states appeared, so the members would continually adjourn until a quorum of seven states was present on May 25, 1787. The articles were reviewed and by mid-June it was decided that instead of amending the existing Articles, the Convention would draft a new form of government. The new US Constitution was drafted in closed sessions all through the remaining summer of 1787. There were many very important issues being debated, including the amount of power the central government has, how many representatives each state has, how such representatives are to be elected – either from within the government or by the people. The US Constitution is a perfect example of statesmanship and willingness for compromise.
Civil war is a war that is between organized groups of citizens within the same country, nation state or republic. Although less common, a civil was can also be a war between two different countries that were created from a former united controlling state. A civil war typically occurs to gain control of land, to achieve independence or to chance government policies. The words “civil war” are derived from the Latin words “bellum civile,” referring to the civil wars that occurred in the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC. Civil war is a very high intensity battle, generally involving armed forces. Civil war can consume huge resources and end with a high number of casualties greatly damaging the stability of a country for years after the civil war occurred.
Since the end of World War ll, civil war typically lasts four years, a big contrast from the average being one and one-half years between the years 1900-1944.